A new report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has seriously given the warnings for India. India is already facing unpredictable changes in weather patterns and environmental factors. An increase in sea level is the threatening factor to 12 coastal Indian cities because it may submerge these cities by the end of the century.
The climate change report said that the cities could be nearly three feet underwater by the end of the century. The cities on the list are Mumbai, Visakhapatanam, Chennai, Kochi, and others.
NASA has analyzed the report of the IPCC to assess changes in sea levels across the world. NASA has identified that 12 Indian cities will have a chance to experience serious climatic change and rising sea levels if the situation is not controlled.
As communities across the world prepare for the impacts of sea level rise, a new visualization tool provided by @NASAClimate & @IPCC_CH gives users the ability to see what sea levels will look like anywhere for decades to come. Discover more: https://t.co/VAST2xSOyE pic.twitter.com/nePqLntrqv
— NASA (@NASA) August 9, 2021
Since 1988 for every five to seven years the assessments report of Earth’s climate has been provided by the IPCC which is focusing on changes in temperature, ice cover, greenhouse emissions, and sea levels. All their sea-level findings are based on the analysis of data gathered by satellites and instruments and computer simulations.
It is said that the extreme changes in sea level could happen once every six to nine years by 2050 which was seen once 100 years earlier. And also IPCC reported that the rate of increasing sea level around Asia is higher than the average global rate.
The continuous increase in sea level around the coastal areas will cause frequent and severe coastal flooding in lower areas and coastal erosion with higher levels. Earlier it occurred once 100 years which can expect every year by the end of this century, said the IPCC Working Group I report.
It is also reported that in addition to the increase in sea levels there are other climate changes that may affect the different regions with an increase in temperature. The other changes are due to wet and dryness, winds, ice and snow, ocean and coastal areas.
It is estimated that the global mean sea level is rising at a rate of around 3.7 millimeters per year based on a calculation made between 2006 and 2018. At the same time, glaciers in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region will keep shrinking and the snow cover will melt down to higher altitudes.
Coastal Cities That Are Vulnerable In India
Global climate change could not leave India free from any drastic changes that world countries are facing. The coastal areas which might get affected by these climatic changes are Mumbai, Gujarat, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Odisha, and West Bengal.
The city of Kolkata would be the most affecting area in West Bengal including Baranagar, Rajpur Sonarpur, and several other regions like Santragachi, Balitikuri, etc.
The other regions outside Kolkata that are also equally going to be affected are Digha, Mandarmani, NandaKumar, Tamluk, Patashpur, Jaynagar, etc.
Gopalpur, Chatrapur, and also regions surrounding Chilika Lake like Brahmagiri, Satapada, and Barkul are the expected regions that are going to affect higher in Odisha.
The other regions in the north that could be affected by these climatic changes include Paradeep, Nuagan, Pattamundi, Chandbali, Dhamara, Kendapara, and more.
Andhra Pradesh And Telangana
When coming to Andhra Pradesh and Telangana regions the most affecting places are Sullurupeta, Kadapatra, Venadu, Sriharikota, Chinthavaram, Thamminapatnam, Juvvaladinne, and more.
Towards north regions, the places like DIviseema, Bhimavaram, Kaikaluru, Kakinada, and part of Visakhapatnam could be submerged in water by 2050.
In Tamil Nadu, the coastal areas could be affected badly due to the rise in sea levels. The affecting areas are Chidambaram, Mahabalipuram, Kalpakkam, Marakkanam, Chunampet. Thiruporir, Velachery, Chennai. Along with this Ennore, Minjur, and Pulicat in the northern region are also getting affected.
The affecting areas in Kerala are Azhikode, Munderi, Ezhome, Pazhayangudi and in the southern part, the regions like Arimbut, Thekkumkara, Peramangalam, and Ernakulam will be affected badly.
A few spots in Karnataka that would be submerged in water include Kawar, Gokarna, Kumta, Thekkkal Thoda, Mattu Beach, Malpe, etc.
Some of the regions near Mangalore that would be affected are Maravoor Dam, New Mangalore Port, Kodikal, Kodi, and others.
The areas like Mapusa, Chorao Island, Mulgao, Corlim, Dongrim, and Madkai in Goa will see a rise in sea levels and get affected by 2050. The few areas in the southern part of Goa that are going to be added to the lists are Camorlim, Macasana, and Mobor Beach.
The coastal regions in Gujarat that are going to be submerged in water are Surat, Bharuch, and Bhavnagar. Some of the areas in western regions of Gujarat such as Bhuj, Kutch, and Gandhidham also get affected.
Mumbai is one of the worst affected coastal regions on this list. The areas of the city that are going to be submerged are Colaba, Dadar, Bandra. The other coastal regions apart from Mumbai like Murud, Alibaug, Chiplun, and others also get affected.