The government has unveiled the new National Education Policy after 34 years on Wednesday. The Union Cabinet approved the new National Education Policy (NEP) and have renamed the HRD Ministry as Education Ministry. One of the highlighted features of the new education policy is replacing the 10+2 structure of the school curriculum. The new 5+3+3+4 curriculum is introduced. The structure is corresponding to age groups 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years respectively. The Union Ministers Prakash Javadekar and Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank have made the announcement that there would be a single regulator for all higher education institutions and MPhil would be discontinued.
Summarized National Education Policy 2020
1. 10+2 board structure is dropped.
2. The new school structure will be 5+3+3+4.
3. Up to standard 2, there will be the foundation, class 3 to 5 preschools, 6 to 8 Mid School, 9 to 12 Higher Secondary School, thereafter Graduation.
4. Any Degree will be of 4 years.
5. From 6th standard onwards vocational courses will be available.
6. From 8th to 12th, students can choose subjects of their choice.
7. All graduation courses will have major and minor.
For example, science students can have Physics as Major and Music as a minor. Any combination one can choose.
8. UGC AICTE will be merged.
9. All higher education will be governed by only one authority.
10. All University governments, whether it is private, open, deemed, vocational, etc; all will have the same grading and other rules.
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11. A new Teacher Training board will be set up for all kinds of teachers in the country and no state can change.
12. The same level of Accreditation to any college, based on its rating, the college will get autonomous rights and funds.
13. The new Basic learning program will be created by the government for parents to teach children up to 3 years at home and for preschool 3 to 6.
14. There will be multiple entries and exit from any course.
15. A credit system for graduation for each year student will get some credits which he can utilize if he takes a break in the course and comes back again to complete the course.
16. All school exams will be semester wise twice a year.
17. The syllabus will be reduced to core knowledge of any subject only.
18. There will be more focus on student practical and application knowledge.
19. For any graduation course if the student completes only one year, then he will get a basic certificate. If a student completes two years then he will get a Diploma certificate. For completing the full course, students will get a degree certificate. So there will not be a waste of any year if a student leaves the course in between.
20. All the graduation course feeds of all Universities will be governed by a single authority with capping on each course.
Well, by doing these extensive sets of changes in school and college curriculums and in program delivery, the NEP wants India to be the world-class destination as far as education is concerned. This idea is to make India the first choice in any part of the world whoever thinks of higher education. The top-ranked universities will also be allowed to open campuses in India. Now the education system will not be the same. What do you guys think about this National Education Policy? Let us know in the comments below.