There are 4 main blood groups: A, B, AB, and O. Your blood group is determined by the genes you inherit from your parents. Each group can be either RhD positive or RhD negative. This means that there are eight blood groups in total. However, you will be surprised to know that apart from these, there is also a special type of blood group called ‘Golden Blood’. It is special because it is in the body of fewer than fifty people worldwide.
People Having Different Blood Groups
The most common types of blood groups we all are aware of are A+, A-, B+, B-, O+, O-, AB+, and AB-. Among these blood groups, the one which is found in the majority of people is O+. Around 42% of the entire population has an O+ blood group. The second highest is the A+ blood group, with 31% of the population having it. Next comes the B+ blood group, which is carried by 15% of the population across the world. Moving on, 5% and 3% of the population have AB and O- blood groups, respectively. A- and B- blood groups are present in 2.50% and 1% of the population. AB- is found only in 0.05% of people in the world. Additionally, the two very rare blood groups are the Golden blood group, with only 45 people worldwide, and the Bombay blood group, with 179 people.
The Golden Blood Group
This is the world’s rarest blood group, which is only in 45 people. According to a report, there are only nine active donors of this blood group worldwide. This is the reason why it is the most valuable blood group in the world; hence it is the Golden Blood. Another name for this blood group is Rh-null. Additionally, transfusion of this blood is possible into the body of humans with any blood group. The blood of this group is present in very few people, which is why this blood group is rare. If all 61 possible Rh antigens are absent, then the blood is Rh-null.
This makes it unusual and means that anyone with a rare blood type compatible with the Rh system can accept it. Just because of that, it is popular as “golden blood” as well. Additionally, just 9 persons worldwide are the blood group’s donors. This indicates that 36 individuals with the golden blood group are unable to give blood. They might not be ready to provide their blood voluntarily as well. In this case, one drop of this blood group’s blood is worth more than one gram of gold. This may also be the explanation for why it has earned the name “Golden Blood Group.”
This Rare Blood Group Is Rh-null
The other name for golden blood is Rh-null because the same person who has this blood also has a null Rh factor. Red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and plasma make up the blood in our bodies. The body’s red blood cells transport oxygen and remove carbon dioxide. Each element contributes to how blood works. Our various blood types, however, are because of red blood cells. Meanwhile, white blood cells are also immune cells that defend the body from infection and foreign invaders. Plasma is a fluid that contains salts and enzymes, while platelets are cells that aid in blood clotting.
Our body’s blood group can be determined based on two factors. White blood cells contain proteins called antibodies, while red blood cells contain antigens. Red blood cells have a protein called Rh on their outer surface. The Rh in a normal human body can be either positive or negative. On the other hand, a person with golden blood won’t have either positive or negative Rh in their body. Rh-null is another name for the golden blood type because of this.
First Person To Have Golden Blood Group And How It Occurs
The National Library of Medicine reports that this blood group first came to light in 1961. An Australian tribal woman’s body contained it. Following that, a thorough report about it was in preparation by doctor GH Woz and his associates. The Pakistan Medical Association’s journal also published this report. A genetic mutation causes the golden blood group to exist. This is because of a mutation in the RHAG gene in these individuals. Additionally, there are primarily two explanations for why these blood types are present in the human body. First of all, it results from genetic mutations passed down from one generation to the next. Second, it’s also possible that offspring from marriages between cousins, siblings, or other close relatives will have golden blood.
Dangers For People With This Blood Group
Golden blood type individuals may have deformed shapes and shorter lifespans. In some circumstances, this also causes moderate anemia. People with Rh-null have extremely difficult blood transfusions since they can only receive Rh-null blood. They serve as the universal donor for the Rh blood type system. Experts believe that if both the mother and the unborn child have golden blood, the chances of miscarriage increase. Such people are also more likely to have kidney failure.
Additionally, the considerable life-saving properties of golden blood are amazing in and of themselves.