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New Criminal Laws Enacted From 1st July 2024 In India; How They Will Improve the Legal System

New Criminal Laws
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India is getting ready to make a big change to its legal system. Three new criminal laws will replace the outdated rules from the British era. These will take effect nationwide on Monday, significantly altering India’s criminal justice system. The Indian Penal Code, the Code of Criminal Procedure, and the Indian Evidence Act will be replaced by the new laws. The new laws are the Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, the Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita, and the Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam.

 

Check Out The New Criminal Laws

Criminal Law
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Here are the new criminal laws and changes in the existing ones that will provide efficient and effective legal aid:

  • According to the new laws, judgment in criminal cases must be rendered within 45 days after the conclusion of the trial. Charges must be filed within 60 days of the initial hearing.
  • A female police officer shall document rape victims’ statements in the presence of her guardian or family. Medical reports must be provided within seven days.
  • Organized crime and acts of terrorism have been defined. Sedition has been replaced with treason, and all searches and seizures must be videotaped.
  • Purchasing and selling( trafficking) any kid is now a horrible crime. Gang rape of a juvenile carries a death sentence or life imprisonment.
  • The new law prioritizes crimes against women and children, as well as murder and crimes against the state.
  • False promises of marriage, gang rape of children, mob lynching, chain snatching, and other crimes have been recorded, however, the existing Indian Penal Code lacks explicit provisions for dealing with such instances. A new provision has been introduced for circumstances such as the abandoning of women after having s*xual intercourse under the false promise of marriage.
  • The new legislation allows anyone to report occurrences via electronic communication, eliminating the need to visit a police station physically. This makes reporting easier and faster, allowing the police to act immediately.
  • With the advent of Zero FIR, anybody may submit a First Information Report (FIR) at any police station, regardless of jurisdiction.  This reduces delays in commencing judicial procedures and guarantees that the offense is reported immediately.
  • In the case of an arrest, the individual has the right to tell a person of his or her choosing about the circumstance.

 

Beginning Of A Modern Justice System

Justice
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The new criminal laws would establish a modern justice system. Measures such as Zero FIR, online registration of police complaints, summonses by electronic means such as SMS, and required recording of crime scenes for all severe offenses will ensure justice. Official sources informed news agency PTI that they attempted to address some of the present social realities and crimes while maintaining the values stated in the Constitution.

 

Home Minister’s Stance On The New Criminal Laws

Amit Shah CAA Act
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Union Home Minister Amit Shah supported the rules. He stated that the new laws would prioritize dispensing justice instead of the British-era regulations prioritizing criminal action. “These laws are made by Indians, for Indians, and by an Indian Parliament and mark the end of colonial criminal justice laws,”, he stated.

What do you think about the new criminal laws? Will these bring a modern justice system?

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Kavya Bisht
the authorKavya Bisht
I am a young aspiring writer currently exploring my versions at DU. Debating, manipulation, logic and communication are what excite me. Speaking facts with the correct words and manipulation is a skill, not very common, that can be found in me. The strengths I hold say a lot about me. 'Bibliophile' would be a good term to describe me.